How The Web Works Step By Step

Discussion in 'tech news' started by rayne, Jun 30, 2018.

  1. rayne

    rayne Administrator CLAN LEADER CLAN CHIEF

    maradona is crying, messi is shocked, argentina has come to road and Idea has gone to coma and Nigerians are dancing shaku shaku when they heard that France has dismantled argentina. By the way, today’s article is on how does the internet work step by step topic. Be with Nairaclan so you can learn more

    So, basically, today in this article we will discuss, how does the internet work, how does the internet work step by step, how does the internet work simple, submarine cable map, tier 1 network company and many more things are going to be clear, I promise .


    I can bet, you might be thinking that we are not fools we know how does internet work, the Internet comes from satellite and from satellite , it comes to my home/office nearest tower and then it comes to my phone and I use it. But what if I say, Internet doesn’t come from the satellite. It comes to you from wires (submarine cable). What if I say 99% internet comes through cable. Shocked? Don’t be, I have more things that will blow your mind. Stick like glue with NAIRACLAN to know more.


    We all know that our nearest tower helps us to make calls, text, and surf web wireless. But what after that? I’ll say our blue planet is covered from wires (also known as submarine cable) made of Fiber, copper. Through these cables, Internet travels all over the world including all 7 continents and all countries and make a connection between your device to rest on the website server. These cables are planed under the sea and ground.

    Submarine Cable Map

    Till now we were discussing roughly Internet now let’s discuss more deeply regarding this topic. You, me, we can’t do all work alone and it’s applied to everything doesn’t matter how huge they are or how small they are. So, we can consider that planting cable everywhere on earth and then send internet to every big city, village to your home can’t be done by a single company. This is why the whole process (planting submarine cable to giving internet to your phone) is divided into 3 section named as Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 3.

    Submarine Cable Ft. Tier 1 Network Company
    Those companies who plant cables all over the world come under Tier 1 list. The company who planted cables all over the US is AT&T and the company who planned submarine cable all over Nigeria is huawei (NOT SURE THOUGH) communication. AT&T company cables might be connected to our huawei communication cables and that’s how it covers all world that at times your ip when you search it displays an American address.
    See the picture below , this is how internet cable looks like around the world.


    You can also check it personally by searching “Submarine Cable Map” on Google.
    Submarine Cable Ft. Tier 2 Network Company
    Now, after planting internet cable around any country, Tier 2 companies (Airtel, MTN, GLO, 9mobile) come in their roles, they plant internet cable in all cities and connect it to big white towers so that you can use the internet. Isn’t it simple to understand? Companies like Airtel, mtn,glo and etisalat buy bandwidth from Tear 1 companies provide it to us by taking their profit margin.
    Submarine Cable Ft. Tier 3 Network Company
    Broadband companies like Ntel, multilinks, Ethernet and the likes come under Tier 3 network because they provide you internet to your home through cables. Tier 3 companies buy bandwidth from Tier 2 companies and serve it to us.

    Now you know How The Internet Work, Now We Will See What Happen When You Search Anything.

    How Does The Internet Work Step By Step

    So, let’s start our journey to know how does the internet work step by step or what happens when you search something without wasting a single second of yours.

    You are the player of this game. Let’s see what happen when you search Google/Facebook/youtube on your browser.

    When you search those terms and hit the enter button, first it will get to your ISP (Internet Service Provider) like Airtel, glo and mtn.

    After that, it will travel to that website server through a submarine cable.
    After reaching, at that server, it travels back to your ISP though those submarine cable not from satellite.

    If you are search any govt site. the site will load faster on your browser if its server is in Nigeria so the signal will not travel through submarine cable planted by Tier 1 company, it will travel inside India planed by Tier 2 companies but if not it will be slow that's another way to know the type of server a site is on whether foreign.

    This is the main reason for your slow connection if you use any kind of VPN because then its signal travel to another country server then comes to you.
    If you send any kind of mail, update Facebook profile or comment “haha ” on your best friend picture, then your computer breaks it into pieces called (Packets) and sends it to that website server and when this information reach to your friend, it automatically converts into original size.

    Now, at least smile, guys, a small one will be awesome for us. We spent some time for this article. If this article is helpful for you, you can share with your friends so that they can also read this article in future when they need it and believe me helping our loved friend is one of the best feeling in world. You are lucky if your childhood friend is still your friend like me. You already have met him.

    Words from @rayne :
    So guys, I successfully made a post on “How Does The Internet Work Step By Step? Now You Are Bit Smarter Than Before how does the internet work, how does the internet work step by step, how does the internet work simple, submarine cable map, tier 1 network company”. I have first searched
    on the web about it and finally, the result in front of you. I don’t think you will face any problem regarding this post while understanding or implementing BUT if you are facing any problem regarding this post just feel free to comment on the comment box . I’ll be back to you as soon as possible with working and satisfying answer. ALWAYS REMEMBER WE ARE FRIENDS

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